THINKING CRITICALLY teaches the fundamental thinking, reasoning, reading, and writing abilities that students need to succeed in the classroom and beyond. The text begins with basic skills related to personal experience and then carefully progresses to th

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Product Details :

Genre Book : Language Arts & Disciplines
Author : John Chaffee
Editor : Cengage Learning
Release : 2010-10-11
File Download : 592 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9780495908814
Price : FREE

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THINKING CRITICALLY helps you become a more sophisticated thinker by teaching the fundamental cognitive process that allows you to develop the higher-order thinking abilities needed for academic study and career success. The text compels you to use your intellect to think critically about subjects drawn from academic disciplines, contemporary issues, and your own life experiences. The text begins with basic skills related to personal experience and then carefully progresses to the more sophisticated reasoning skills required for abstract, academic contexts. Each chapter provides an overview of an aspect of critical thinking, such as problem-solving, perception, and the nature of beliefs. Thinking Activities, thematic boxes, and writing assignments encourage active participation and prompt you and your peers to critically examine each other’s thinking. Thought-provoking and current readings from a wide variety of thinkers get you to think about complex issues from different perspectives. Each chapter ends with self-assessment activities that help you to monitor your own progress as a critical thinker. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

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Genre Book : Education
Author : John Chaffee
Editor : Nelson Education
Release : 2014-01-01
File Download : 592 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9781285965635
Price : FREE

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To think critically, is to weigh up all sides of an argument and evaluate its strengths and weaknesses. This is a skill that we use in many everyday decision making situations. This booklet shows how these skills can be transferred effectively to academic life. It explains why critical thinking is important, and contains advice on reading with a critical eye, writing with a critical voice and techniques to practice with others.There is an accompanying Skills for OU Study website http://www.open.ac.uk.skillsforstudy.If you are a current OU student please contact Student Services before ordering.

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Genre Book : Critical thinking
Author : Open University
Editor :
Release : 2008-07-14
File Download : 32 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9780749229207
Price : FREE

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Thinking is not a spectator sport. Research has shown that the skills of critical thinking must be practiced with a wide variety of problems in many different contexts in order to be learned and retained. The exercises, questions, and reviews in this workbook are designed to provide the systematic practice needed to help readers become more critical thinkers. By reading and responding to the questions before reading the accompanying chapter in the text, readers will develop a framework that will help them to comprehend, anticipate, and organize the information in the accompanying chapter. Based on principles of active learning with authentic tasks, all of the exercises were written to be similar to problems and situations readers are likely to encounter in real life -- and they provide numerous examples for both short and extended writing assignments. Problems include topics such as saving money; understanding a research report that appears in a newspaper; recognizing propaganda; reaching reasoned conclusions; avoiding common biases; and deciding when a risk is "too risky." These exercises also work well for cooperative learning projects and are designed to help adult learners develop the skills and the habits of mind essential for life-long learning. Designed to be used in conjunction with Halpern's text, Thought & Knowledge, this workbook could also be used with other texts or as a stand-alone enhancement in courses on thinking skills and cognitive psychology. All exercises along with syllabus suggestions and self assessments are available in the Instructor's Manual.

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Genre Book : Social Science
Author : Diane F. Halpern
Editor : Routledge
Release : 1996
File Download : 205 Pages
ISBN-10 : UCSC:32106016288471
Price : FREE

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This book introduces readers to the many arguments and controversies concerning abortion. While it argues for ethical and legal positions on the issues, it focuses on how to think about the issues, not just what to think about them. It is an ideal resource to improve your understanding of what people think, why they think that and whether their (and your) arguments are good or bad, and why. It's ideal for classroom use, discussion groups, organizational learning, and personal reading. From the Preface To many people, abortion is an issue for which discussions and debates are frustrating and fruitless: it seems like no progress will ever be made towards any understanding, much less resolution or even compromise. Judgments like these, however, are premature because some basic techniques from critical thinking, such as carefully defining words and testing definitions, stating the full structure of arguments so each step of the reasoning can be examined, and comparing the strengths and weaknesses of different explanations can help us make progress towards these goals. When emotions run high, we sometimes need to step back and use a passion for calm, cool, critical thinking. This helps us better understand the positions and arguments of people who see things differently from us, as well as our own positions and arguments. And we can use critical thinking skills help to try to figure out which positions are best, in terms of being supported by good arguments: after all, we might have much to learn from other people, sometimes that our own views should change, for the better. Here we use basic critical thinking skills to argue that abortion is typically not morally wrong. We begin with less morally-controversial claims: adults, children and babies are wrong to kill and wrong to kill, fundamentally, because they, we, are conscious, aware and have feelings. We argue that since early fetuses entirely lack these characteristics, they are not inherently wrong to kill and so most abortions are not morally wrong, since most abortions are done early in pregnancy, before consciousness and feeling develop in the fetus. Furthermore, since the right to life is not the right to someone else’s body, fetuses might not have the right to the pregnant woman’s body—which she has the right to—and so she has the right to not allow the fetus use of her body. This further justifies abortion, at least until technology allows for the removal of fetuses to other wombs. Since morally permissible actions should be legal, abortions should be legal: it is an injustice to criminalize actions that are not wrong. In the course of arguing for these claims, we: 1. discuss how to best define abortion; 2. dismiss many common “question-begging” arguments that merely assume their conclusions, instead of giving genuine reasons for them; 3. refute some often-heard “everyday arguments” about abortion, on all sides; 4. explain why the most influential philosophical arguments against abortion are unsuccessful; 5. provide some positive arguments that at least early abortions are not wrong; 6. briefly discuss the ethics and legality of later abortions, and more. This essay is not a “how to win an argument” piece or a tract or any kind of apologetics. It is not designed to help anyone “win” debates: everybody “wins” on this issue when we calmly and respectfully engage arguments with care, charity, honesty and humility. This book is merely a reasoned, systematic introduction to the issues that we hope models these skills and virtues. Its discussion should not be taken as absolute “proof” of anything: much more needs to be understood and carefully discussed—always.

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Genre Book : Philosophy
Author : Nathan Nobis
Editor : Open Philosophy Press
Release : 2019-06-19
File Download : 77 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9780578532639
Price : FREE

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Analyses of the dynamics of change present in Europe are not complete without taking into account the role and function of the critical approach as a founding element of European culture. An appreciation of critical thinking must go hand-in-hand with reflection on its essence, forms, and centuries-long tradition. The European philosophical tradition has thematized the problem of criticism since its appearance. This book contains articles on the history of philosophical criticism and ways that it has been understood in European thought. Individual chapters contain both historical-philosophical and problem-oriented analyses, indicating the relationships between philosophical criticism and rationalism, logic, scepticism, atheism, dialectic procedure, and philosophical counseling, among others. Philosophical reflection on critical thinking allows for an acknowledgment of its significance in the fields of epistemology, philosophy of politics, aesthetics, methodology, philosophy of language, and cultural theory. The book should interest not only humanities scholars, but also scholars in other fields, as the development of an anti-dogmatic critical approach is a lasting and indispensible challenge for all disciplines.

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Genre Book : Philosophy
Author : Dariusz Kubok
Editor : Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
Release : 2017-11-07
File Download : 310 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9783110567472
Price : FREE

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Identify false information. Avoid getting tricked. Be quick-witted and insightful. Would you like to ask the right questions, come up with strong arguments, detect biases and irrational reasoning but you don't know how? The Art of Thinking Critically will help you with that! Using the latest analyses and best practices of some of the greatest thinkers, you can become a self-thought critical thinker who doesn't accept things at face value. With the help of guided exercises, you will learn how to do your own research, think about information for yourself, and draw conclusions that stand true to you. Avoid being manipulated.Being surrounded by inaccurate and often misleading information can feel overwhelming. Become more astute and catch inconsistencies in others' reasoning. Don't be misled.Learn to question, fact-check, and correct people without sounding offensive.- How to self-educate to think more critically.- Equip yourself with good questions and ideas on how to think for yourself. - Break out of herd mentality.- Develop a structure to incorporate critical thinking practices in your life.Human beings are generally curious and wish to understand the world better. But many of us weren't taught effective questioning techniques as children. We were not encouraged to form opinions and were scolded for being too curious. So we didn't learn how to properly question and assess the information we hear, read, and how to think for ourselves. But you can absolutely change that! Also, educate your children to be better equipped with critical thinking skills. Make better decisions. Don't be gullible.

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Genre Book :
Author : Albert Rutherford
Editor :
Release : 2020-08-08
File Download : 264 Pages
ISBN-10 : 9798673552599
Price : FREE

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Just like its predecessor, Thinking Critically helps students improve reading, writing, and research skills while exploring and analyzing major global issues. Although many of the same topics are explored in this second edition—world hunger, global health, gender equality, regional conflict, cultural heritage, and immigration policies—all 31 authentic readings in the second edition are new. New topics included in this edition are cybersecurity, climate change, education reform, leadership, and human rights. Each chapter contains two or three readings (from print and online news sources, journals, and blogs) designed to raise rather than provide answers; a vocabulary review and discussion questions for each reading; a reaction writing task; a question on the topic to research; a writing assignment for a specific academic or business genre (with models in an appendix); speaking activities (oral presentation, debate, or role-play); and a Thinking about It task. The Thinking about It task calls on students’ ability to evaluate a complex issue with objectivity and to propose a realistic approach, making this textbook good preparation for academic courses that require critical-thinking skills to express opinions both orally and in writing. Several new academic/business written genres (abstract, fact sheet, briefing paper, report on a survey) have also been added.

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Product Details :

Genre Book : Education
Author : Myra Shulman
Editor : University of Michigan Press/ELT
Release : 2014-09-24
File Download : 243 Pages
ISBN-10 : 0472032992
Price : FREE

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Looks at questions related to online privacy, providing writings from opposing viewpoints intended to encourage critical thinking on commercial data mining, national security, electronic health records, and the need for stronger protection.

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Genre Book : Electronic surveillance
Author :
Editor :
Release : 2015
File Download : 80 Pages
ISBN-10 : 1601527357
Price : FREE

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Incorporates the Critical Technique approach that provides a step-by-step technique for constructing and critically evaluating argumentative reasoning. Successfully integrates informal logic and critical thinking for those instructors who want the flexibility of teaching both. Chapter-opening quotes from rock music captures students attention. Narrative case studies, argumentative writing exercises and Reality Checks with everyday examples of argumentative techniques taken from advertisements reinforce chapter material. Mid- and end-of-chapter exercises are broken into three levels of difficulty to challenge students and aid instructors in evaluating student progress.

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Product Details :

Genre Book : Philosophy
Author : James Hugh Kiersky
Editor : Wadsworth Publishing Company
Release : 1995
File Download : 434 Pages
ISBN-10 : 0314043527
Price : FREE

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